Hitting Close to Home | Global Warming is Fueling Extreme Weather Across the U.S.

Every year, weather-related disasters injure or kill hundreds of Americans and cause billions of dollars in damage. [1] Many of the risks posed by extreme weather will likely increase in a warming world. Scientists have already noted increases in extreme precipitation and heat waves as global warming raises temperatures and exacerbates weather extremes. [2]
   

Weather-related disasters affect millions in Colorado

  • Nearly every Colorado resident lives in a county affected by at least one federally-declared weather disaster between 2010 and 2015. 
  • Since September 2010 Colorado experienced six weather-related disasters including severe storms, wildfires, tornadoes, floods, and droughts.

New Online Map Shows Weather-Related Disasters and Extreme Weather’s Personal Impact

Environment Colorado’s new interactive extreme weather map shows weather-related disasters in the United States over the last five years and tells the stories of the people and communities who have endured some of those disasters

Map visitors can focus in on specific types of weather and even add their own stories of how extreme weather has affected their lives.


Extreme weather causes widespread destruction

  • For the first time on record in 2015 wildfires burned over 10 million acres across the U.S. in a single year. There was extensive burnt acreage across western states, including Colorado. The wildfires caused at least 12 deaths and the total estimated costs were over $1 billion. 
  • In September 2014 severe storms raged across the Rockies and Plains states. Large hail and high winds created significant damage across eastern Colorado. The total estimated costs of the storms were $1.4 billion in the affected region. 
  • Mountain pine beetles are currently killing pine and spruce trees throughout the Rocky Mountains and western U.S. at an unprecedented rate. Extended droughts and warm winters have enabled the epidemic to become vast. [3]


Weather extremes are becoming more common 

Globally, 2015 was Earth’s hottest year on record, surpassing 2014. [4] Many types of extreme weather are expected to become more frequent or severe in a warming world, which could lead to more weather-related disasters. 

  • Tropical Storms and Hurricanes: Global warming has the potential to make tropical storms more destructive. Hurricanes and other coastal storms are likely to be more powerful [5] and rainier, [6] while storm surges could be more destructive as sea levels rise. [7]
  • Heavy Rain and Snow: Extreme precipitation is already increasing; continued trends could increase the risk of intense downpours, heavy snowstorms and severe flooding. [8]
  • Droughts and Wildfires: While global warming is anticipated to bring more rain to some areas, it will also likely elevate temperatures and extend dry spells. The potential for stronger drought—and greater area burned by wildfires—will increase, particularly in the West and Southwest. 

 

Colorado must cut global warming pollution 

To protect our children and our communities from a future of worsening extreme weather, Colorado, its cities, and the nation should limit global warming pollution to levels consistent with the Paris Climate Agreement—at least 40 percent below 1990 emissions by 2030 and at least 80 percent by mid-century. Essential steps include: 

  • Effectively implement the Clean Power Plan. Colorado is wisely preparing to comply with the federal Clean Power Plan, despite a recent Supreme Court ruling that temporarily halted implementation of the policy. A strong compliance plan should cut more pollution than the minimum required by EPA, cover new and existing plants, focus on clean energy solutions, and ensure that polluters pay. 
  • Maximize energy efficiency. Colorado and its cities should expand energy efficiency programs and adopt net-zero energy building codes and retrofit standards. 
  • Shift to 100 percent clean power. Meeting our climate goals will require accelerating deployment of clean, renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power. The state should increase its clean energy standard and extend it beyond 2020. 
  • Use clean energy for transportation and heating. Colorado should shift energy for transportation and heating away from fossil fuels and toward electricity or other forms of clean energy. 
  • Keep dirty fuels in the ground. To protect the global climate and our health, the nation must cease construction of any new fossil fuel infrastructure and leave our coal, oil and gas reserves in the ground. 

 

For full methodology, citations and the online map, please visit www.EnvironmentColorado.org/ExtremeWeather 
For the downloadable PDF, click here.

Sources

[1] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), “Billion-Dollar Weather and Climate Disasters: Table of Events,” archived at https://web.archive.org/web/20151016175308/https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/billions/events, accessed on 1 March 2016.
[2] E.M. Fischer and R. Knutti, “Anthropogenic Contribution to Global Occurrence of Heavy-Precipitation and High-Temperature Extremes,”Nature doi: 10.1038/NCLIMATE2617, 27 April 2015. 
[3] U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USDA), “Mountain Pine Beetle Epidemic,” archived at http://www.fs.usda.gov/detail/mbr/home/?cid=stelprdb5139168, accessed 1 March 2016.
[4] Rebecca Lindsey, “No Surprise, 2015 Sets New Global Temperature Record,” Climate.gov by NOAA, 1 March 2016.
[5] Gabriele Villarini and Gabriel Vecchi, “Projected Increases in North Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Intensity from CMIP5 Models,” Climate, 26: 3232-3240, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00441.1, 24 October 2012.
[6] E. Scoccimarro et al., “Intense Precipitation Events Associated with Landfalling Tropical Cyclones in Response to a Warmer Climate and Increased CO2,” Climate, 27(12):4642-4654, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00065.1, June 2014.
[7] C. Tebaldi, B. Strauss and C. Zervas, “Modelling Sea Level Rise Impacts on Storm Surges Along US Coasts,” Environmental Research Letters, 7(1), 14 March 2012.
[8] Donald Wuebbles et al., “CMIP5 Climate Model Analyses: Climate Extremes in the United States,” American Meteorological Society Journal, 95(4), April 2014.